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Author Guidelines

Journal of Rural Development and Agriculture  (J Rural Dev Agric) is published annually in a calendar year. It is devoted to the progress and diffusion of scientific knowledge regarding all disciplines of agricultural sciences and rural development via agriculture. It publishes only the original research papers and good quality reviews. The length of the whole manuscript should be 5000-8000 words. The opinion papers and short communications are NOT published in JRDA. Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else. Its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. The papers must be prepared following the guidelines of the journal. The papers not following the layout and style of the journal will not be accepted. The manuscripts will be reviewed by at least three consulting editors with two advisory board members/reviewers and after approval, these will be edited thoroughly. This process normally takes 3-4 months. If conditionally approved, the authors will be required to revise within a specific time.

Permissions

Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Key Message

Please summarize the main achievement of your manuscript beyond the meaning of the manuscript title. This “Key Message” may not contain more than 30 words, and is essential for original research papers only. It is not needed for Reviews.

Text

Manuscripts should be submitted in MS Word. Use a normal, plain font (e.g. 10 point Times New Roman) and double spaced for text. Bottom page number and continuous line numbering should be included throughout the manuscript. Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and use consistently thereafter. Ample margin should be left on each side. Authors’ institutional address should follow authors name and will not appear as a footnote. Papers may be organized conveniently as: Full Title, Authors, Affiliation, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Reference, Tables and Figures. Further subdivision of the Results section may be made as necessary. Keywords must be given below the Abstract.

Abbreviations

Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.

The following style in the preparation of the manuscript may be followed:

Title Page

The title page should include the name (s) of the author (s), a concise and informative title, the affiliation (s) and address (es) of the author (s), the e-mail address, telephone and fax number of the corresponding author. In case of more than one authors with different institutions, use numbering in superscripts (1, 2, 3 etc) to separate the author’s affiliation. Do not use any other symbol such as *, † or ‡.

Abstract

Please provide an abstract of 150 to 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.

Keywords

Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.

Introduction

Must contain the comprehensive literature on the problem to be addressed and valid hypotheses to be tested in the study.

Materials and Methods

Must contain all details of the experimental procedure for the successful repetition of the experiment.

Result and Discussion

Results and discussion may be in a single section as “Results and Discussion” or if necessary, can be split into separate “Results” and “Discussion” sections. Present your results in a logical sequence in the text, tables and figures. Do not repeat in the text all the data given in the tables and figures rather than emphasize only important observations. Discussion should be logical and results must be discussed in the light of previous literature justifying your findings. Summarize the findings without repeating the data in results section. Relate your observations to important relevant studies; point out the implications of the results and their limitations.

Conclusion

Conclusion can be given in a separate heading or a short paragraph containing important conclusions of the study.

Acknowledgments

Persons and colleagues that contributed to the work, but, do not meet the criteria for authorship should be acknowledged. Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference section. The role of funding organization should be mentioned clearly in acknowledgement of manuscript. If there is no funding source then the authors are required to state that “This research didn’t receive specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors”. The name of funding organization should be written in full. Consent and approval should be received from concerned persons or organizations before acknowledging them in the article.

Authors Contribution Statement

Authors must provide a short description of the contributions made by each listed author. This will be published in a separate section after the conclusion. Please be aware that changes to the list of authors are not possible after final acceptance of the manuscript.

Scientific Style

Please always use internationally accepted signs and symbols for units (SI units).

References

Author(s) should follow the latest edition of APA style in referencing. Please visit www.apastyle.org or download it from downloads link to learn more about APA style. References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., placed after the year of publication. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid citation in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text.

Tables

All the tables should be numbered using Arabic numerals (e.g., “Table 1”). They should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order. For each table, a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table should be provided above the table. A reference of original source should be quoted at the end of table caption for previously published material. Asterisks may be used to identify the significant values or other statistical data and they should be included below the table in the form of footnotes. The tables should be editable. Justification of the text within the cells is honored at typesetting. Spaces or tabs to separate data within a cell should not be used. The cells that span multiple columns and rows may be merged. Text colour should be black and 10 font size should be consistent in all the tables.

Figures

All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals. Figures should be conceptual and unambiguous. Ensure that all elements of a figure (text and images) are readily visible at printed size. Ensure that all axes and figure elements are well-defined and explained, but avoid unnecessary text. Include and define error bars where appropriate. Avoid complex hatched patterns and use simple patterns and color schemes. Make consistent use of color throughout a manuscript (e.g. use the same color or pattern for wild type and different genotypes/treatments in each figure where possible). Ensure that multiple panels in a figure are evenly spaced, and text is well placed (not cut off or too crowded near a figure margin or axis). Provide image with a minimum resolution of 500 dpi. Figure panels are lettered by bold capital letters i.e. A, B, C, D etc. The authors are required to include figures (colored or black and white) after the references section of the manuscript.

Funding Source

Journal of Rural Development and Agriculture is funded by Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavor. The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration. The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling “self-plagiarism”). A single study has not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (salami-publishing). No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions. No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased, quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted. The journal uses software to screen for plagiarism. Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results.

If misconduct has been established beyond reasonable doubt, this may result in the Editor’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:

  • If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
  • If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed with the article or in severe cases complete retraction of the article will occur. The reason must be given in the published erratum or retraction note.
  • The author’s institution may be informed.

Changes of Authorship

Changes of authorship or in the order of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript. Requesting to add or delete authors at revision stage, proof stage, or after publication is a serious matter and may be considered when justifiably warranted. Justification for changes in authorship must be compelling and may be considered only after receipt of written approval from all authors and a convincing, detailed explanation about the role/deletion of the new/deleted author. In case of changes at revision stage, a letter must accompany the revised manuscript. In case of changes after acceptance or publication, the request and documentation must be sent to the Editor. The decision on accepting the change rests with the Editor of the journal and may be turned down. Therefore authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, corresponding author, and order of authors at submission.

Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest

Authors must disclose all relationships or interests that could have direct or potential influence or impart bias on the work. Although an author may not feel there is any conflict, disclosure of relationships and interests provides a more complete and transparent process, leading to an accurate and objective assessment of the work. Therefore, the corresponding author must include a summary statement in the text of the manuscript in a separate section before the reference list that reflects what is recorded in the potential conflict of interest disclosure form (s). If no conflict exists, the authors should state “The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest”.

The editor reserves the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned guidelines. The corresponding author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned guidelines. Please check the author guidelines carefully before submitting your article.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1.  Plagiarism

    Plagiarism is not acceptable in JRDA submissions and publication as per Higher Education Commission policy. With the submission, authors declare the originality of their work, properly citing, reusing or copying previous publications. If plagiarism is detected during the peer review process, the manuscript may be rejected. If plagiarism is detected after publication, the publisher has the right to issue a correction or retract the paper.

  2. Conflict of Interest

    Authors, reviewers or editorial staffs have to disclose every situation, which could potentially affect the impartial review and publication procedure.

  3. Open Access Policy

    Open Access is an unrestricted online model that allows the distribution of research papers through the internet to everyone in the global community with no price restraint. Thus, all articles published under open access can be accessed by anyone with internet access. All the articles published by JRDA are freely accessible online to the global community.

Copyright Notice

© Copyright 2015 Department of Agricultural Sciences (DAS), Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan. Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts (up to 500 words) from this journal in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source has been acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” (Not using the material an accurate and full bibliographic citation) does not require the DAS’s permission. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) after publication, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. However, prior permission/fee should be made to the Editor, JRDA, in case of republication and systematic reproduction, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party

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